Q: How can I encourage my children to use less electricity at home?
A: When I was a child I dreamed of one day having a home where I could pay my own electric bill—said no one ever.
While it’s not the most fun way to spend money, people typically want to live in a home with electricity. Educating children on energy use and costs can help engage them with your family’s goal to use less electricity. They can be electric conservation champions if you ask for help.
There are several ways you can teach children to use less electricity.
Show them how to read the electric bill. Focus on what you can control: kilowatt-hour use. If they are old enough, teach them how to do the math. You can calculate kWh use by multiplying wattage by hours used and dividing by 1,000. Multiply this by the kWh rate found on your electric bill to estimate how much you spend on power for each household appliance.
For example, a space heater that uses 1,500 watts and is on for four hours a day for a month uses 180 kWh. With an average kWh rate of 13.7 cents in the United States, the space heater costs about $25 a month to operate. That same space heater costs about $74 a month if it is on for 12 hours a day. Your kWh rate may be lower or higher depending on where you live.
To find household appliance wattage, look for the amount stamped on the bottom, back or nameplate. If the nameplate does not include wattage, figure it out by multiplying the voltage by the amperage.
To teach children the impact of saving energy, have them help you conserve with the household’s biggest energy-consuming appliances: heating and cooling. Teach children to dress appropriately for the seasons, even when they are indoors, which allows you to set the thermostat to balance comfort and savings.
You can also leave the house during the hottest times of the day to go for a swim or play outside. Before you go, nudge up the thermostat a few degrees to avoid wasted energy cooling an empty house. Turn off fans when you leave a room.
The second-highest use of electricity is typically the electric water heater. Use a shower timer so older children can monitor how long they are in the shower. Teach them to wash clothes with cold water. If you have a gas water heater, look at the gas bill to find opportunities to save.
Other ways to save include turning off the lights when you leave the room. The more we switch to LED lighting, the less savings associated. Yet even little changes can add up throughout the year. If your child needs a night light to sleep, make sure it’s an LED bulb.
Powering down gaming stations and computers is another way to save.
In the kitchen, keep the refrigerator door shut. Teach children to take a quick peek and shut the door while they think about their snack options.
After teaching your children about electric bills and showing them how to save electricity, make a game out of your family’s energy conservation. Challenge the family to use less energy than last month or the same month last year. Use the savings to reward them with a treat or let the winner pick the game night activity.
You can also teach children where the electricity for their home comes from. Check out your utility’s website or give them a call to find out what energy sources power your home.